While dentures were once the standard for teeth replacement options, modern dentistry has allowed us to create a variety of alternatives to suit the many different types of dental problems. Traditional dentures may no longer the uncomfortable and ill-fitting teeth substitutes of the past, but recent advances in dentistry have created other, stronger solutions.
Overdentures and hybrid dentures are made to fit the mouth with implants and have a more stable occlusion. If you’re interested in dentures or overdentures, Polaris Dental Care is here to provide you with the answers.
Implant Hybrid Dentures (‘All on 4’ Dentures)
Implant hybrid dentures use dental implants to strengthen and support the denture. Instead of resting on the gums, the denture is attached to the implants, which keep it firmly in place until removal is necessary. To ensure the dentures stay secure, implants are evenly spaced around the jaw. These implants absorb most of the force from chewing or grinding, preserving the gums and jaw. This allows the nerve endings to recognize the impact and slows bone atrophy.
Implant hybrid dentures require solid and healthy jawbones, which makes some patients ineligible. They are generally placed on the lower jaw as that is where regular dentures are less secure.
What are the benefits?
For patients missing multiple teeth, many solutions are seen as temporary measures or only moderately effective. With implant hybrid dentures, the benefits are many, and the drawbacks are few, making them a popular and effective solution for edentulous patients. Here are just a few of the many benefits of hybrid dentures:
- While implant hybrid dentures can be removed for cleaning, they do not have to be removed while sleeping. For patients with TMJ or teeth grinding, this relieves pressure on their jaw and makes sleeping easier.
- The implant hybrid dentures can handle tougher food and increase your bite strength. This will break your food into smaller pieces and make digestion easier.
- Hybrid dentures can slow bone loss. The continued, strengthened use of the jaw keeps resorption from occurring.
- As hybrid dentures are transfixed on the implants instead of adhered onto the gums, they are more comfortable and stable.
- Hybrid dentures can be cleaned like natural teeth. Flossing and brushing are all that is necessary unless instructed otherwise.
Implant Retained Overdentures
Unlike hybrid dentures, Implant Retained Overdentures are far closer to their traditional counterparts. While implants are used, they are fewer and made to help center the denture rather than clip it in. These overdentures are not as stable and, as a result, are less comfortable to wear. They do require fewer implants than hybrid dentures and adjustments are easier as they are not clipped into place.
A healthy jaw is not necessary for overdentures to be effective. Depending on whether the denture is placed in the lower or upper jaw, fewer implants are necessary so bone degradation is less of a problem. Overdentures still rely on the gum for support and, with upper jaw dentures, bridge the roof of the mouth for stability. This is aggravating for some but increases stability.
What are the benefits?
As implant retained overdentures need fewer implants, more patients are eligible for the treatment. Other benefits stem off this versatility, such as:
- The limited number of necessary implants keeps costs lower for implant retained dentures. They are normally less than half the price of implant hybrid dentures.
- They do not require strong bone structure and can be relined to fit your changing tissue and bone.
- Parts are replaceable and adjustable. They can be removed for cleaning or sleeping and are more secure than traditional dentures.
While modern technology and dental breakthroughs have largely surpassed dentures, they are still an effective treatment for some patients with edentulation. Dentures have improved over the years and are no longer the clunky, bland, fake teeth that they’re assumed to be. Custom dentures are now readily available, and they comfortably fit both upper and lower jaws. Most fake teeth are made of acrylic or porcelain to match the color and shape of natural teeth. It is much harder to tell the difference between dentures and natural teeth. They are also removable for cleaning and sleeping. Still, despite the improvements made, there are still limitations:
- Traditional dentures are cheaper than their alternatives but have to be replaced much sooner. Bone atrophy and changes to jaw alignment mean you’ll have to switch-out your dentures every 5-7 year.
- Your gums take most of the impact from chewing with dentures. This prevents the nerve stems by the jaw from feeling the impact, which contributes to bone degradation and atrophy.
- The changes in your jaw and teeth from bone atrophy will eventually affect your face, causing minimal facial structure changes that can worsen over time.
- Dentures that are not secured can cause an unnatural clacking or smacking sound when eating or speaking.
In need of large-scale teeth replacement and worried about your options? Consult our Polaris Dental team immediately!
At our many locations in and around Columbus, we offer the best quality denture care available. With our experienced staff and state-of-the-art technology, you’ll never need to worry about any procedure. Our team will walk you through your options and provide our honest observations on what will be the best solution for your mouth.
Don’t let tooth loss hold you back from good oral hygiene. If you’re in Columbus or any of the surrounding area, call one of our many Polaris locations to book an appointment:
Columbus Office: (614) 758-6522
Grandview Office: (614) 333-8332
London Office: (937) 568-3302